A roulette wheel consists of a spinning disk with divisions around its edge that revolves around the base of a bowl. A ball is spun around the outside of the bowl. Until eventually ball and wheel come to rest with the ball in one of the divisions.
The divisions around the wheel are numbered from 1 to 36 in a seemingly random pattern. And alternate red and black. Additionally, there is a green division numbered 0. On American tables only there is a second extra green division marked 00. And it is largely this that makes the American version of Roulette a worse proposition financially than the European game.
Before rolling the ball, people place bets on what number will come up by laying down chips on a betting mat. The precise location of the chips indicating the bet being made. Roulette is a game of French origin and on a traditional table, the French terms on the betting area are still used even in English-speaking areas. However, on most US tables, English terms and a slightly different style of mat are in use
Much of the interest in Roulette derives from the number of different bets. That can be made and their associated odds. The basic bets are the same for all forms of modern Roulette. Below is a list of all the available bets categorized by the bet’s associated odds. (both the English and French terms are in the listing):
Red / Rouge: a red number
Black / Noir: a black number
Even / Pair: an even number
Odd / Impair: an odd number
Low bet / Manque: numbers 1 – 18 (Manque is French for “failed” and it is because the ball has failed to pass 18)
High bet / Passe: numbers 19 – 36 (Passe is so named because it has “passed” the Centrepoint)
2 to 1
First dozen / Premiere douzaine: numbers 1 – 12 (On the French-style mat, the square marked 12P)
Middle dozen / Moyenne douzaine: numbers 13 – 24 (On the French-style mat, the square marked 12M)
Last dozen / Dernier douzaine: numbers 25 – 36 (On the French-style mat, the square marked 12D)
Column bet / Colonne: a column of 12 numbers. (The special square at the end of one of the three columns of twelve numbers.
5 to 1 – Line bet / Sixain: 6 numbers. (Place the stake on the intersection of the edge of two rows of three numbers to bet on those 2 rows)
8 to 1 – Corner bet / Carre: 4 numbers. (Place the stake at the intersection of a square of four numbers)
11 to 1 – Street bet / Carre simple or Transversale: a row of 3 numbers. (Halfway over the line forming the end of the row of three numbers to be bet upon)
17 to 1: Split bet / En Chaval: a pair of numbers. (Place the stake across the line dividing the two numbers to be bet upon
35 to 1: Straight up / En Plein: a single number. (Place the stake in the box showing the number concerned. It is allowable to bet on zero)
The bets on six numbers or less are termed “Inside bets”. The bets on 12 numbers or more are “Outside bets”.
European Roulette Rules
Assuming that the possible bets are all understood, Roulette is essentially a trivially simple game to play. For each turn, once all bets are in place using colored chips to distinguish each player, the croupier halts betting, spins the wheel, and rolls the ball in the opposite direction. When the ball comes to a halt in one of the slots, the croupier announces the result, collects all losing bets, and pays out the winner’s profits.
There are additional optional rules that some casinos and houses play. Both the La Partage and the En Prison roulette rules effectively halve the casino edge on even-money bets. If playing at home, decide at the start which, if any of the following rules you would like to play.
‘En Prison’ Rule
This is a roulette rule that can be applied to even-money bets only. When a zero turns up, the player has two options:
- Reclaim half the bet and lose the other half.
- Leave the bet (en prison = in prison) for the next spin of the roulette wheel for an all-or-nothing gamble. If the subsequent spin is again zero or does not match the imprisoned bet, then the whole bet is a loss. Otherwise, if the subsequent spin’s outcome matches the bet, the player’s money goes to the player.
‘La Partage’ Rule
The la partage roulette rule is similar to the en prison rule, only in this case the player has no option when a zero turns up and simply loses half the bet.
Maximum and Minimum stakes
Casinos will normally post a maximum and a minimum stake for a roulette table. And this is sometimes done for recreational play, too. Typically, for each spin of the wheel, if a player the total amount of a player’s inside bets must exceed the minimum stake. The listed maximum stake usually shows only the maximum allowed for a single number “straight up” bet.
The maximum stakes for other types of bet increase proportionately e.g. The maximum bet allowed for a pair of numbers is double the maximum straight-up bet. Moreover, the maximum allowed for a corner bet is 4 times the straight-up maximum, and so on. So that the limitation is on the amount that the casino can lose!
North American Roulette Rules
In North America and the Caribbean, roulette wheels have a double zero. And all bets (except a direct bet on the selected zero) are a loss when either zero turns up. The result is significantly poorer odds for the punter and an increase in the Casino’s cut. This is probably why in this region, Roulette is less popular than it is in other parts of the world.
The rules are the same as for European Roulette above. Except that the double zero works in the same way as a single zero result. Some American casinos do allow an additional bet called a “basket bet”. It allows placing chips in the same way as for a line bet on the outside of the dividing line between the zero rows and the row featuring 1, 2, and 3. This bet normally pays out 6 to 1 which gives it odds worse than any other roulette bet.
The Old Original Roulette Game
In the original French roulette, the numbers 1 – 36, had the zero and the “double zero”. The zero was colored red and also counted as “Pair” and “Manque”; the double zero was black and also counted as “Impair” and “Passe”.
If the ball fell into one of the two zero divisions, all lost stakes go to the bank but if the bet matches being Pair, Impair, Rouge, Noir, Passe, or Manque, instead of being won, the stake is held back until the next spin of the wheel. On that subsequent turn, the stake was either lost or if the ball matched the bet again, the stake was merely returned to the gambler without any profit.
What Are The Best Bets in Roulette?
When you’re trying to decide what the “best” bets in roulette are, you have to decide what is going to make you happiest when you’re playing. Some people want to enjoy frequent small wins and stay in action for as long as possible. Others like the thrill of hitting big wins less frequently, even if it means sometimes going broke faster.
Other gamblers might want to find the bets which offer the lowest house edge. On most roulette games, the house edge is the same for every bet but one. Choosing which game to play becomes the road to a lower house edge for those players.
The Best Bets if You Want to Spend a Lot of Time Casino
Variance is the term used by gamblers and mathematicians to describe the swings in your bankroll that is due to statistical deviation. Usually, the higher the payout is, the lower the variance is. Some examples help illustrate this.
If you’re playing roulette and making straight-up bets on a single number, you’re going to win 35 units when you win, but you’ll only win (on average) once out of every 37 hands. This is a higher variance option than an even-money bet.
With even-money bets, you’ll win a lot less—the same amount that you bet. But you’ll win a lot more often—47.36% of the time, which is almost every other bet.
If you’re interested in spending a lot of time at the table, then the way to do so is to stick with the lower payout bets, because you’ll lose less often. Your money will eventually all go to the casino if you play long enough, but it will last longer, and you’ll have more fun.
The Best Bets if You Want the Thrill of Winning Big Bucks
Of course, if you’re just looking for the thrill of a big win, the only bet that makes sense is the straight-up bet, which offers a payout of 35 to 1. If you place a $100 wager on a single number and win, you’ll get $3500 for your trouble.
The only problem with this choice is that you can lose a lot of money very fast. But that’s true of any casino game in which you have the potential to win a big dollar amount on a single bet. The payoff might not be as big as a progressive slot machine jackpot, but you will see the big win a lot more often on this roulette bet.
How to Get the Lowest House Edge on Roulette
In American roulette, there are two types of bets—the ones with a house edge of 5.26% and the ones bet with a house edge of 7.29%. If you want to minimize the house edge on an American roulette game, then it’s easy. Just avoid the five-number bet, which is the only bet with the higher house edge. All of the other bets on the table offer a 5.26% house edge.
If that house edge is still too high, then your next step is to find an American roulette game that offers the surrender option. These can be found in some Atlantic City casinos. The house edge on this game becomes half, to 2.63%, because the house only takes half your bet when you lose on the even money bets. Surrender only applies to those bets which offer even money, though.
Another option is to play European roulette if you can find it. That game only has a single zero on the wheel, which reduces the house edge to 2.70%. The best bet in roulette is on a European roulette table which offers the en prison option. This reduces the house edge by half again, making it only 1.35%. Here’s how it works:
On a European roulette game with the en prison rule in effect, your even-money bet becomes “imprisoned” when the ball lands on the zero. The result of the next spin of the wheel determines your outcome. For example, if you bet on black, and it lands on zero, then you’ll get your bet back if the next spin lands on black. If it lands on red, you lose the bet.
Roulette Systems and the Worst Bets You Can Make
In a larger sense, the worst bets you can make are on worthless roulette systems. All betting systems for roulette are equally nonsensical, so as long as you avoid them, you’re making some of the better bets at the table.
The reason for my strident-sounding condemnation of roulette betting systems is that they offer false hope. I know lots of people like to think that you can control the universe by thinking positive thoughts, but the reality is a little bit different.
No one is well served by delusion. So don’t delude yourself into thinking that you can come up with some clever way to beat roulette. People have tried for hundreds of years and the only ones who succeeded were the ones who got lucky. And you don’t get any control over the luck in roulette, other than choosing bets with a lower house edge whenever you can.
Roulette is a game of luck. Therefore, be ready to win big or have some losses. Plan and give yourself a budget. In this way, if you win and go beyond your budget it is good. If you go below your budget, then it is time to slow down or stop for a break.
Learn more: Learn more about Why You Should Play Roulette?
Learn more: Learn more about 4 MUST-DO Before Join Online Casino.Tags: Roulette